Who is most powerful in our country? Is it an institution or any Individual? Has this question ever come to your mind? If yes, then surely it must have cropped up in the young minds of our students too.
In this activity we are going to know about powerful institutions in our country and how they work for the citizens. An institution is an interrelated system of social norms and social roles that are organized to provide patterns of behaviour which contribute towards meeting the basic social needs of a society. For example, a society needs laws, education, and an economic system.
- Understand the role and importance of institutions and linkages between these two.
- To provide students a realistic and concrete idea of institutional structures and their working.
- To make them aware of the role and importance of institutions of which they are a part of and how they can contribute to the larger goals of the country by being an active member of these institutions.
Expected improvement in skills– critical thinking, problem-solving, and research skills
Plain or Coloured paper, Sketch pens, Blackboard & Chalk
|S. No||Activity process||Time taken|
|Period 1.||Classroom Activity
Teachers, please follow guided steps 1, 2 and 3
Reflection sheet & Feedback form
Time required: 45 minutes
Step 1: Introduction (7 min)
Step 2: Sample Activity (7 min) + Main Activity (25 min)
Step 3: Recapitulate the activity + Homework (6 min)
Step 1: Introduction and Discussion (7 min)
Ask students if they know what institutions we have in our society? How they function? Who are the members of these Institutions?
Teachers are requested to explain further that Institutions are interdependent on each other. When a change to one institution happens, it can affect the other social institutions. E.g., family, which is a social institution, is closely connected to school which is another social institution. If a school is shut down because of a pandemic situation, the family as a social institution will be impacted, as it supports the Education of child strongly.
Most societies have five primary social institutions:
- Government or State
Note: There are other institutions also but these are the prominent ones.
Each social institution has different objectives and prescribes different social roles. Institutions have their own cultural symbols that have endured over time. For example, educational institutions like universities or schools have their own flag, mascot, and identity. Government institutions have their own flags, rules, and procedures that citizens follow and adhere to as part of their national alliance.
In today’s session, we are going to explore the role and importance of various institutions and how they are interconnected to each other.
- To introduce the concept, teacher will show the above mentioned video to the class. She will then initiate a class discussion on the topic with follow-up questions like-
- What is an institution?
- Why do we need an institution?
- What are the different types of institutions?
- Are you linked to any institution? If yes, how?
Step 2: Activity (7+25 min)
- Divide the class into 5 groups (5-6 students in each group)
- The teacher will explain and demonstrate what has to be done in the activity with a sample group of students (refer to the example given below)
Sample Topic: Various institution’s role and their interdependence to combat COVID-19 in India
- Teacher will draw the flow chart on the black board and explain it. She can also point out additional information on linkages of these institutions not only with each other but also with other institutions, if time permits. For e.g., police were placed at the vaccination centres and schools were converted into vaccination centres at the time of pandemic, etc.
- Each student of the group will represent one institution and shall speak 2 points on it. (Refer points are given in the flow chart)
- After all 6 students have spoken, they will hold hands to show their interdependence.
- The group leader can explain the connectivity.
Topic For Presentation: Government campaign, Shoonya: Zero Pollution Mobility.
- Teacher can show this video to help students understand the topic better.
Read more about it or share the link with students so that they come prepared in the class about the topic - https://youtu.be/Pvfb3YKqOJQ
- Please explain the initiative of zero pollution mobility taken by the Government. Why has it been started and how it will impact the environment?
- After demonstration, each group will discuss the topic and present on the role and interdependence of various institutions pertaining to the given topic.
- They will depict it on a plain sheet via a flow chart.
Each group has to select an institution involved in the ‘electric vehicle campaign’ of the government and make a verbal presentation explaining a self-made flowchart as to how they will support the government in the execution of the scheme.
For e.g., students in a group can draw a related flowchart and play the role of a-
- An NGO promoting zero air pollution
- Housing society
- Local government
Note– This is not an exhaustive list of institutions to support the initiative. Students can draw as many linkages as they want by including more institutions.
- Invite all groups to display their flow chart and present 2-3 points on each institution mentioned in the flow chart, verbally. The verbal presentation must include:
- Name of the institution.
- 2-3 points explaining the basic features of an institution.
- Tell if they see any value in the government campaign on promoting electric vehicles.
- How can they contribute to the campaign?
- Students will join hands to show the linkages/web of linkages during the presentation.
- Group leader will explain the linkage of institutions.
(Teacher will call 2-3 groups at random (depending on time availability) to give a presentation on the topic).
- Other groups’ flow charts will be displayed in the classroom.
Step 3: Recapitulate the activity + homework (6 min)
Homework: Students will visit the given website and share an idea or suggestion related to any of the institutions mentioned here. (optional)
All the participants will be appreciated for their dedication and hard work.
The teachers are requested to recapitulate the activity topic by asking follow-up questions like–
- How do institutional linkages help to accomplish larger goal of a country or a government? Discuss.
- What are institutions and why are they important?
Teachers, kindly ask the students to fill up the reflection sheets while you fill out your feedback form.
Disclaimer – The identified statement mentioned for group activity does not aim to favor or harm any campaign. These are only mentioned to enhance knowledge, develop a connection with basic institutional forms in our country and challenge the problem-solving skills of the students.