The Constitution of India was adopted on 26th November 1949 by Constituent Assembly of India. They took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to draft the Constitution of India. This document guides us about our fundamental rights, directive principles and duties as a citizen and lays down code of conduct, duties and procedures for the governing bodies.
The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution was enacted in 1976 under which Fundamental duties were added after the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee, which had been formed by the government earlier that year. Fundamental Duties are said to be one of the fundamental obligations mentioned in the Constitution of India (Others are Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State). These are the moral as well as civic obligations or duties that citizens should fulfill.
The focus of this activity will help to reinforce the good citizenship spirit by knowing about our fundamental duties and why we must all as citizens abide by it.
- Students will be able to comprehend about the fundamental duties of citizen of India.
- Students will be able to describe the importance of following fundamental duties.
- Students will be able to describe meaning and importance fundamental duties of citizen of India.
- Skills - Communication, Critical Thinking
- Values- Respect, Team spirit
|S. No.||Session Details||Estimated Time Required|
|1||Step 1: Introduction
Step 2: Citizen Charades Game
Step 3: Debrief of Activity
Session 1: For a 45 min session Step 1-3
Step 1 – Introduction
Time: (10 Min)
- Teacher will tell the students that today we will play a game on Fundamental duties in groups.
- Divide the class into 4 groups as per the houses.
- Ask them to discuss and revise about the Fundamental Duties as per Indian Constitution in their groups to play interesting game based on it. They can also refer to their textbooks for the same. Give them 5-10 minutes to prepare. Share the Fundamental Duties given in Annexure 1 for reference.
- Teacher will identify one person to be score keeper.
Note: Teacher can also give Pre-task 2-3 days before the activity day to all students to revise about Fundamental duties and come prepared to play game.
Step 2 – Citizen Charades Game
Estimated Time (25 Mins)
1. Explain the rules of the game given below in detail to the students.
Rules for game
- There will be 2-3 rounds per group to guess the action. (Teacher can decide the number of rounds, minimum 2 rounds per group to be played)
- Each group will have to nominate one person to pick up a chit and act out the duty for the group.
- Remaining group members will guess the action done by the nominated person.
- No hints or clues from other team members.
- Score keeper to update the score in their notes after each round.
- Each correct guess scores 5 points. Identifying if the action is a Fundamental Duty of citizen earns another 5 points.
2. Play the game with students by using following steps -
- Invite one representative from one team to pick up a slip to act out the action. Slips can be created with help of list given in Annexure 2.
- The player then acts the phrase they've chosen in front of the other players without saying anything. The team of the representative person will get the chance to guess the action.
- Each team gets 1 minute to guess.
- For each correct guess, the team gets 5 points. In case, the team is not able to answer in 1 minute, it will be passed on to the next team. In this case, award 5 points to guess the correct answer to team that answers.
- Once the action is guessed, the team has to tell if the guessed action is something that citizen should follow as per the Fundamental duties or not. For correct guess the team scores another 5 points.
- Play a dummy round with students to help understand the game.
- Teacher will ensure that right enactment clues are given to team guessing.
Note: Teacher can list out all the actions on Boards & tick ü if one should do it or and tick × if one should not.
- Repeat playing the game in similar manner for remaining rounds. Ensure that repetition of representatives is avoided to make it more participatory.
- Ask the scorekeeper to mark the scores of each team after every round.
Step 3 – Debrief
Estimated Time (8-10 Mins)
The teacher can debrief the session with questions like?
- What are three new facts/values you have learnt from this activity today?
- Why should we as citizens follow the duties mentioned on the board?
- What will happen if all of us will follow these Fundamental duties?
Try to involve as many students as possible in debrief to understand their learning from the experience.
Conclude the activity by explaining that how Fundamental Duties are specified under Article 51A (Part IVA) of the Constitution, and they strive to uphold the country’s ideals and contribute to its growth and betterment. Also, how essential is it for us as citizens of this country to follow Fundamental duties to ensure that our country functions at optimum best.
Reflection Sheets, Activity Report & Feedback Form
Teachers kindly fill in the feedback form, remind office bearers to fill activity report and remind students also to fill up the reflection sheets.
Annexure 1 – List of Fundamental Duties
These are also available in the Political Science textbook.
The following are the fundamental duties of India defined in the constitution:
- To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem,
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom,
- To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India,
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so,
- To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women,
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture,
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures,
- To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform,
- To safeguard public property and to abjure violence,
- To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement, and
- To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years (added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002).
Annexure 2 – Slips to play the game.
Slips to play the game: Action mentioned on the slip is to be enacted without speaking.
Note: Enactment examples are only given for reference. Teachers may add examples as per the local issues examples aligned to fundamental duties.