Citizenship is all about being a part of a country's democracy and society. It means being a member of a nation, having rights, and fulfilling responsibilities. Our rights include things like voting and freedom of speech, while responsibilities involve following laws and contributing to our community.
We are all a citizen of our country and as citizens expect certain values, amenities, rights, and responsibilities to exist in our community, state, and country. Each citizen has a responsibility to make his or her community a decent place to inhabit. When you are a responsible citizen, it implies that you know your duty adequately and will volunteer for numerous things that are required by the community or the society in general.
In our previous activity, we understood that it is important to be aware and alert about what is going on in our neighbourhood, community, state, and nation. We as a citizen, are all accountable for the good or bad conditions of the nation. We need to shift our attention into action to procure positive impacts on our community and country. An individual action performed by a person can change a life, but collaborative actions have a positive impact on the entire nation.
In this activity, we will research and audit our surroundings with help of media reported articles, and then identify what are our fundamental duties as citizens to follow to resolve these issues. This activity covers all the three aspects of developing an Actizen - Alert about the citizenship issues in the neighbourhood. Self-informed about our actions that may affect our habitat. Active and wilful to do duties as the Indian citizen to minimize such issues and reporting actions taken by others.
- Students will be alert to the civic issues in their immediate environment with help of media articles.
- Students will be able to comprehend their responsibilities and fundamental duties as citizens to resolve these issues.
- Students will be able to describe the fundamental duties and responsibilities citizens should follow to minimize the civic issues we see in the neighborhood.
SKILLS - Communication, Creativity, Critical Thinking
VALUES - Responsibility, Spirit of Service
|Estimated Time Required
|Step 1: Introduction
Step 2: Activity
Step 3: Debrief
Pen, pencils, notebooks, Newspaper articles, Chart papers (optional – they can use available pages to make posters as well)
Pre-Task: Teachers will ask the students to read newspaper and bring along few articles that highlight civic issues they see in their community/city along on the session date (inform the session date beforehand to bring the articles). Teacher can give this task 3-4 days before the actual session date.
Newspaper Article selected should be relevant about local civic issue either of their neighbourhood/taluka/city. It can also be local language newspaper. Article can be from any newspaper with the range of last 10-15 days for its relevance.
Step 1 - Introduction
Estimated time – 10 mins.
- Teacher will begin by asking the students to share their reflections about the neighborhood survey they conducted and newspaper articles they have read with respect to civics issues.
- Teacher will take 1-2 responses and tell that as citizens of India, our constitution gives us certain rights and responsibilities.
- Teacher will then ask students about what the fundamental duties of citizen of India are. Take 1-2 responses. Incase students are not aware about it, teacher can revise them with help of the Fundamental duties list given in Annexure 1 (Teacher can display if smartboard/projector is available or read them)
- Teacher will then tell the students in this activity; we will work in groups to identify what are the civic duties we can follow to ensure that these civic issues are minimized.
Step 2 – Group Activity
Estimated Time: 25 minutes
- Teacher will divide students into 4-5 depending on the class size.
- Tell the students to read and analyse the newspaper articles they have brought along and identify one civic issue the group wants to work on.
- Ask the students to discuss within their groups and identify common issue that most of them identified in their survey.
- Instruct students to create a Citizen Duty poster focusing on 3-4 duties (individual as well as group action) and write/draw examples of responsibilities to be followed in daily lives to resolve the selected the civic issue. Tell students to use symbols, drawings, and keywords to make the poster creative. They can also stick the relevant newspaper articles on the poster.
- Tell students they have 20 minutes to prepare this poster. Teacher can then invite students to display their presentation on Desh Apnayen Wall/Notice Board.
Note: If time permits, teacher can also invite each group to come and present their poster explaining the values and responsibilities depicted and the reasoning behind their choices.
(Note: Teacher can display the Fundamental Duties on Projector if students need to refer to it.)
Step 3 - Debrief
Time required – 10 Minutes.
The teacher can debrief the session with questions:
- What did you enjoy the most in the activity? Why?
- How do newspaper articles help us to be aware about issues and problems in our neighbourhood?
- How will following fundamental duties help to resolve civic issues we see around in neighbourhood? (Share examples)
- What other actions/responsibilities should one follow in daily life to be responsible global citizen?
Reflection Sheets, Activity Report & Feedback Form
Teachers kindly fill in the feedback form, remind office bearers to fill activity report and remind students also to fill up the reflection sheets.
Annexure 1 – List of Fundamental Duties
The following are the fundamental duties of India defined in the constitution:
- To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem,
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom,
- To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India,
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so,
- To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women,
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture,
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures,
- To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform,
- To safeguard public property and to abjure violence,
- To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement, and
- To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years (added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002).